The Principles of Design are how the artist uses the elements of art. Each element is used to create one or more of the Principles of Design. Here is a brief description of each of the Principles of Design!
Visual unity is one of the most important aspects of well-designed art and is planned by the artist. Unity provides the cohesive quality that makes an art work feel complete and finished. When all the elements in a work look as though they belong together, through use of consistent style and artistic choice, the artist has achieved unity.
Rhythm is the repetition of visual movement- colors, shapes, or lines. Variety is essential to keep rhythms exciting and active, and to avoid monotony. Movement and rhythm work together to create the visual equivalent of a musical beat.
Balance refers to the distribution of visual weight in a work of art. In painting, it is the visual equilibrium of the elements that causes the total image to appear balanced. Balance can be either symmetrical or asymmetrical in a work of art.
Contrast refers to differences in values, colors, textures, shapes, and other elements within a work of art. Contrasts create visual excitement and add interest to the work. If all the art elements- value, for example- are the same, the result is monotonous and unexciting.
Visual Movement is used by artists to direct viewers through their work, often to focal areas. Such movement can be directed along lines, edges, shapes, and colors within the works, but moves the eye most easily on paths of equal value.
Pattern uses the art elements in planned repetitions and orders to enhance artwork. Patterns often occur in nature and artists use similar repeated motifs to create pattern in their work. Pattern increases visual interest by using repeating images or elements in a strategic way.
Emphasis is used by artists to create dominance and focus in their work. Artists can emphasize color, value, shapes, or other art elements to achieve dominance. Various kinds of contrast can be used to emphasize a center of interest.